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1814.} Documents relating to Public Affairs. 



71 



aider the before mentioned article as in 
its very nature, and upon the grounds 
avowed in it, in the highest degree re- 
prehensible and unjust ; inasmuch as it 
a'Fects the condition and rights of an im- 
mense country, over which neither Great 
Britain nor France has any legitimate 
controul ; whilst it is derogatory to the 
character and honour of both nations, 
and renders them associates in an act 
which at the same moment it reprobates 
and condemns. 

That experience has shown the ineffi- 
cacy of all attempts made by this country 
alone to abolish the Slave Trade, whilst 
other nations are permitted to carry on 
the same; and that this meeting cannot 
but consider all the efforts hitherto made 
for the abolition of such Trade as wholly 
frustrated, if the tenor of such article be 
carried into effect. 

That this meeting is desirous of ex- 
pressing its humble but earnest gratitude 
to both Houses of Parliament, for the 
prompt and seasonable measures already 
adopted by them for obviating the un- 
happy consequences likely to ensue from 
the article before mentioned. And their 
earnest hopes that they will not relax in 
their exertions, until the trad* for Slaves 
to the coast of Africa be universally a- 
bolished. 

That the petitions now read be adopt- 
ed as the petitions of this meeting. 

That his Royal Highness the Duke of 
(Gloucester be requested to present one of 
such petitions to the House of Lords, 
and that the Right Hon. George Canning 
and Lieutenant-General Gascoyne, be re- 
quested to present the other to the House 
of Commons. 

On the motion of Mr. Gladstone the 
thanks of the meeting were given to the 
Mayor for his able and impartial conduct 
in the Chair. 



ttVEKOOL TOWN-HALL MXETINO, 

To consider of the propriety of petition- 
ing both Houses of Parliament, against 
the renewal of the Slave-Trade by 
France. 

The Worshipful the Mayor in the Chair. 
After the Town Clerk had read the 
requisition to the Mayor, which was 
signed by many of the Merchants and 
Gentlemen in the town, 

Mr. Gladstone rose and said, the object 



for which they were called together was 
not less gratifying to their feelings than 
important to their interests. It was much 
to be lamented that his Majestv's govern- 
ment had not been more urgent or more 
successful in pressing or contending for 
the immediate abolition of the \frican 
Slave-Trade, previously to our consent- 
ing to restore the West India Colonies at 
the late negotiations. The trade, which 
was now about to be renewed for five 
years, would be carried on in a part of 
Africa, where peace and comfort at pre- 
sent prevailed, and front its renewal it 
was to be apprehended that great evil and 
distress would be the consequence. Th* 
trade in itself was not only repugnant to 
the feelings of justice and humanity, but 
it war likely to prove highly injurious to 
the trading interests of this country. 
The renewal of it by France, with the 
continuation of it by Spain and Portugal 
would enable those countries to supply 
their colonies with slaves to a great ex- 
tent, and enable France in a very short 
period of time to supply the markets of 
Europe with- the produce of those coun- 
tries, on such terms as would render it al- 
together useless for the merchants of 
Great Britain to attempt a Competition ; 
in consequence of which that trade which 
we now enjoy in supplying the continent 
of Europe with the products of the West 
India islands, in the event of the present 
agreement between this Country and 
France being carried into effect, we are 
likely to see (what was the case previous- 
ly to the commencement of the revolution- 
ary war,) the whole of the north of Eu- 
rope again supplied with produce by the 
colonies of France, Spain, and Portugal, 
and ourselves wholly excluded therefrom ; 
a trade which, when we considered the 
present state of the country and the large 
increase of our taxes in consequence of a 
protracted war, it became doubly im- 
portant for us to preserve. He was fear- 
ful that at the termination of ihe time 
which it was allowed to be carried on, 
that means would be found bv France to 
evade the fulfilment of the treaty, and 
that this trade would even then be carried 
on under circumstances perhaps not pub- 
licly avowed, but not less injurious to our 
interests. He thought it was the duty 
of this country to give government all 
possible support. It had been generally- 
done ; there seemed to be but one common 
sentiment upon this subject, certainly 
then upon a question like this, Liverpool 



7* 



Documents relating to Public Affairs. [July. 



which was no small proportion of the 
trading part of the country and which 
had been engaged in carrying on that 
trade would not be backward in express- 
ing its disapprobation of that part of the 
treaty -which permits its revival ; and 
government so fortified and supported by 
that expression of general feeling would 
go to the ensuing congress with greater 
weight, which would give them a claim 
to increased influence. Parliament had 
shown every disposition to meet and sup- 
port these sentiments by their address to 
the Prince Regent. He then stated that 
as these sentiments could only be carried 
through the medium of petitions, he had 
taken the liberty together with some other 
gentlemen who had sigued the requisition, 
to draw up a few resolutions which he 
should submit to their consideration 
previously to his friend Mr. Roscoe's sub- 
mitting other resolutions in which Mr. 
Roscoe thought that the commercial inter- 
ests of the country ought not to be intro- 
duced into this petition, though he thought 
they should, and he believed that his 
Majesty's government were deeply im- 
pressed with the importance of that view 
of the subject, and it was therefore de- 
sirable to strengthen that sentiment by 
the expression of public opinion. After 
a little conversation betwixt him and Mr. 
Roscoe, the following resolutions were 
read by Mr. Statham (he town clerk. 

That this meeting have seen with deep 
regret that in the treaty of peace recent- 
ly concluded with France, his Majesty's 
government have judged it necessarv to 
restore the French colonies in the- West 
Indies, without stipulating that the Afri- 
can Slave Trade should at the same time 
be abolished. 

That this trade is not only in itself re- 
pugnant to the principles of justice and 
humanity, but by its renewal on the 
part of Fraaee, and continuation on the 
part of Spain and Portugal, the colonies 
of these powers will in future be cultivat- 
ed at a much less expence than those of 
the United Kingdom ; that their planters 
will thereby be enabled to supply the 
general markets of the continent of Eu- 
rope with i heir produce ou such reduced 
terms as will prevent competition on the 
part of the British planter ; that in con- 
sequence of this exclusion their cultiva- 
tion will be diminished, and the general 
results be productive of great and per- 
manent injury to the commercial interests 



of the United Kingdom, and the employ- 
ment of British shipping. 

That Petitions be presented to both 
Houses of Parliament, expressive of gra- 
titude fur the warm interests which they 
have already manifested, and praying 
that such further measures may be adopt- 
ed as in their wisdom may seem meet and 
likely to be most conducive to obtain the 
consent of those foreign powers to the 
entire and general abolition of the Afri- 
can Slave-Trade. 

Mr. Roscoe then rose and said, 
Sir, — It is with the greatest pleasure, 
that I this day see a meeting of the in- 
habitants of Liverpool called together by 
their chief magistrate, for the purpose of 
considering ou the best means of putting 
an effectual end to the Trade Icr Slaves 
to the coast of Africa. When it is con- 
sidered, that for a long course of time, 
that trade was carried on in this town to 
a greater extent than in any other place 
in the kingdom, and what a decided 
change of opinion has taken place here, 
it cannot fail to have a striking effect up- 
on the rest of the nation, and will, I hope, 
animate them to unite all their efforts for 
the final abolition of that trade. At no 
time, gentlemen, were these efforts more 
necessary than at the present. A circum- 
stance has taken place, which is in the 
highest degree alarming to those, who, 
like myself, have for many years laboured 
towards this great object, and which 
threatens little less than the revival of this 
unjust traffic. You will perceive that I 
allude to the additional article of the trea- 
ty with France ; by which it appears that 
France intends to carry on the Slave Trade 
for five years. How such an article could 
find admission into the treaty, I am at a 
loss to conceive; for certainly anything 
so manifestly disgraceful, unjust and pre- 
posterous, never yet, within the compass 
of my knowledge, found its way into a 
treaty between two great nations. This 
article, gentlemen, alter admitting in the 
strongest terms, that this traffic is repug- 
nant to the principles of natural justice, 
ends with an avowal, on the part of 
France, that she will carry it on lor five 
years ; and to this open breach of all mor- 
al principle this country has it seems as- 
sented ! In orde» to see this treaty in its 
proper light, let us for a moment suppose, 
that a person, who has lived by robbery, 
depredation and murder, had, all at once, 
become sensible of his misconduct, and 



1814.] Documents 



relating to Public Affairs. 



73 



after acknowledging it in the strongest 
possible terms, should end, with declaring 
it to be his resolution to leave off such 
course ol life at tht cud if five yian ! Can 
any thing be more scandalous and absurd ? 
Yet this is precisely the language and the 
conduct of France, and to this conduct 
Great Britain lias unhappily consented ! 
There is an unfortunate prejudice respect- 
ing the pe< iple of Africa, which prevents 
our considering them in the same light, or 
allowing them the same privileges, as the 
natives of any other country, otherwise 
such an article as the one I refer to could 
not for a moment have been tolerated. Sup- 
pose, for instance, that this article, in- 
stead of relating to the inhabitants of Af- 
rica, had expressed an intention on the 
part of France to carry off as slaves the 
people of Norway, or any other country 
for the space of five years, and Great Bri- 
tain had agreed to sanction it, what would 
have been thought of such a measure ? 

I trust however I need not dwell on 
this subject, whi-h must appear in the same 
light t<> every rational mind, and convince 
us of the necessity of making every passi- 
ble exertion to remedy such an evil, and 
femove this disgrace from both countries. 

For this purpose my friend Mr. Glad- 
stone has very properly stated to you his 
sentiments, and has laid before you cer- 
tain resolutions proposed by him, to which, 
as he had already informed you, 1 caunot 
wholly agree. It is not that we differ on 
the great point of endeavouring to ac- 
complish an entire abolition of the Slave 
Trade ; but we differ as to the kind of ar- 
gument which should be adopted by this 
meeting on such an occasion. It appears 
to Mr. G. th«, independent of the great 
arguments founded on the injustice and 
immorality of the Trade, we ought also to 
state our objections to it in point of poli- 
cy ; inasmuch as the carrying on the 
Trade by France and other countries may 
give them decided advantages over the 
British Merchant ; while I am strongly of 
opinion that we ought to rely solely and 
entirely ori the great principles of reason 
and justice, as being adverse to the conti- 
nuance of that Trade. 

It is upon these grounds that this great 
question has always been debated ; upon 
these grounds it is felt by the nation at 
large, and to mix it with considerations of 
an inferior nature, is to injure and to de- 
grade it. 

If upon an examination into the propri- 
ety of any measure, we discover that it if 

BELFAST MAC. MO. LXIJ1. 



morally unjust and wicked, which of us 
would not think it unnecessary and impro- 
per to enter into any further inquiries, to 
discover whether it might, or might not, 
be conducive to our interest ? 

If it be not allowable in point of justice, 
no further question can possibly be enter* 
tained upon it. But further, gentlemen, 
there is danger in this argument, danger 
to the great cause in which I trust we are 
all so deeply interested, if we consider 
it as a question of policy, which in other 
words is only a question of interest, it will 
perhaps follow, that as France and other 
nations are allowed to carry on the Trade, 
it may be thought expedient, that this 
country should revive it also. From the 
most remote idea of this kind I know the 
mover of the resolutions before you is as 
free as myself; but I only state it to 
shew what conclusions might follow from 
treating this as a mere question of policy. 
For these reasons 1 must adhere closely to 
the principle of the cause. To that prin- 
ciple Of right and justice, upon which all 
our proceedings have hitherto bee» 
grounded. Under these impressions I shall 
beg leave to lay before you a few reso- 
lutions on this subject which were pre- 
pared before I was informed of Mr. G's, 
and which with the leave of the Mayor I 
intend to move an amendment, leaving it 
to the decision of the meeting which of 
the two they will adopt. 

(The Town clerk then read the resolu- 
tions, which will be found in page 70) 
Mr. Roscoe then proposed that as another 
petition had been drawn up under the 
idea that there had been a meeting in Li- 
verpool at which the mayor presided, and 
in which an article of the same import 
was introduced into an address to the 
Prince Regent, that another was unneces- 
sary, and as that petition had obtained 
from one to two thousand signatures, and 
the time so short for the signing of this, 
that the meeting should adopt that which 
bad been some days before the public, 
and that the mayor should be requested 
to sign it on behalf of this meeting, still 
leaving it for the signatures of any other 
person who might wish to sign it. 

The Town clerk here read tli- prayer of 
the former petition. 

Mr. Gladstone then stated that Mr. 
Roscoe's chief objection to the resolution 
which he had taken the liberty to propose, 
was the blending the two questions of 
right and policy. He considered the ques- 
tion of right admitted on. alt sides, 



?4 



Documents relating to Public Affairs. [July. 



that it was proper the trade should b- a- 
bolisbed, and in addition to that powerful 
argument he also thought that the com- 
mercial interests of this country were 
entitled to consideration, and that the two 
arguments together would be muchstrong- 
«r than the first standing by itself. (Af- 
films. He then alluded tq the proposition 
made by Mr. Roscoe of adopting the pe- 
tition already prepared and signed, and 
remarked that the petition lately sent from 
this town ag..inst alteration in the corn 
laws had obtained upwards of 20,000 
signatures in 6ve days: he mentioned 
that to show that though the time should 
be short, if there was any inclination to 
sign, it would still obtain a great number 
of signatures. He had also been inform- 
ed by a gentleman, a member of Parlia- 
ment, who had passed through this town 
yesterday, that he did not expect parlia- 
ment would rise in less than two or three 
weeks. 

Mr. Reid observed, that he rose, not 
for the purpose of comparing the two pe- 
ti; kms (although he gave his voice decid- 
edly for that of Mr. Roscoe) but in the 
hope of exciting an increase of interest in 
the general subject, in the breasts of those 
wlio, from principles of humanity, de- 
sired the Abolition of the Slave Trade, 
and who connected with that desire the 
naturally supplemental wish, that Africa 
sUulJie civili-Ltd- He was aware that what 
lie had to say would be merely expatia- 
tt.ry, on a subject briefly adverted to by 
Mr. Gladstone. In the year in which the 
Slave Trade was abolished by this coun- 
uv (1807) an Institution had been form- 
ed in London (the African Institution) 
for the purpose of makng some efforts 
for the civilization of Africa. One idea 
entertained by the Society was the totiow- 
ii.w : — tl.it, the Slave Trade having left 
behind it on the African coast, a taste 
for European commodities, it might not 
beditjicult, especially by the exhibition of 
modes of Agriculture, &c. to incite the 
n:.tive»of that coast to habits of regular 
iiilustry, for the purpose of obtaining 
thrir accustomed enjoyments in the way of 
v.. rraiuable commerce. The Society had 
annualiv published a report et their pro- 
ceedings. The early reports were bur- 
dened with expressions of regiet, that al- 
most all their efforts to introduce regular 
industry in those parts of the country in 
which the experiment had been made, 
were patalysed by the still continued Slave 
Trade ; the petty Princes being Utile dis- 



posed to patronize industry among their 
subjects, whilst they could gain what they 
wanted of European convenience, by sell- 
ing the bodies of their subjects or of 
their neighbours ; and the lower classes 
being little inclined to regular labour, 
whilst they held even their personal free- 
dom by a tenure so precarious. During 
the last three or four years, however, 
in consequence of tbe attention paid by 
our government to the enforcing of the 
Abolition Laws, the activity of our cruis- 
ers on the Windward Coast, (the Seat *f the 
Society t efforts) had been so great, that the 
whole of that Coast, i. e. Irom Cape Verd 
to Cape Palmas, had been cleared from 
the Slave Trade, with the exception of 
tbe Portuguese settlement of Bissao. The 
Society gave themselves, therefore, great 
joy (and every well-wisher to African hap- 
piness would share in their joy) that now 
a tolerable fair scope was given to their 
experiment. A grand and beautiful ex- 
periment was, indeed, going on in that 
quarter, which might produce, a century 
or two hence, the general civilization of 
the African continent. 

The old French settlements on the Coast 
of Africa were chiefly, if not altogether, 
at Goree and on the Senegal, i. e. on the 
Windviatd Coast. By the late treaty, these 
settlements were to be restored to the 
French, and, should that article of the 
treaty be carried into effect, wretched- 
ness and desolation would be again intro- 
duced into that region in which peace 
and promise now existed ; and, in all pro- 
bability, most of what the Society (the 
great Agents in the business for the friends 
of African civilization) had been doing 
during the last seven years, patiently 
and steadily; and during the last three or 
four years with no iuconsiderable effect, 
would be done away. 

Mr. Reid concluded by seconding Mr. 
Roscoe's motion. 

Mr. Martin said he was persuaded 
there was not oae person in the meeting 
who did not coincide in the truth of e- 
very word in each petition ; assenting 
therefore as they did, it became a ques- 
tion which petition was best adapted to 
their object ; he thought that if the meet- 
ing had been called before the treaty of 
peace with France bad been made, and 
the petition proposed by Mr. Gladstone had 
then been submitted to the town of Liver- 
pool, it would have had the preference ; 
government would thereby have received 
the sentiments and information of com- 



1814.] 



Documents relating to Public 



Affairs. 



mercial men with respect to what would 
have been the effect of such a treaty, 
provided it was c irrted into elfect, but at 
present he could not doubt but that the 
newspapers in which such resolutions 
were inserted, would find their way into 
France; and the more we stated to our 
Government, that it wm to the iuterests 
of France, that this treaiy should be car- 
ried into effect, the more tenacious we 
should make the French government in 
persevering in that trade into which we 
have so unfortunately admitted them. For 
that reason he approved of the resoluti- 
ons proposed by Mr. Roscoe, as in his o- 
pinion, we should be doing ourselves an 
injury by introducing any one considera- 
tion of interest into the petition. 

Mr. Gladstone in reply, could not sup- 
pose that the French government, or the 
people of France, were ignorant of the ef- 
fect such a treaty, if acted upon, would 
have upon the commercial aud trading in- 
terests of this country, and that, in jus- 
tice to ourselves we ought to declare our 
sentiments, lest France should suppose we 
were careless aud inattentive to what im- 
mediately concerned us, our trading inte- 
rests, Dut on the contrary, they would see 
that this country is alive to the question in 
all its b'arings. 

Mr. N. Heywood said the African slave 
trade was abolished certainly, from mo- 
tives of henevolence, and with a view of 
serving the Africans. In the course of the 
last war we had conquered all the Freuch 
colouies,of which we had retained possessi- 
on, and whilst we did possess them the 
slave trade was not permitted to be carried 
on : we now purpose giving up the most 
valuable of those colonies, but we clearly 
had the power of annexing any conditions 
that we might find necessary, and they, 
no doubt, would submit to them, therefore, 
in his opinion, we ought not to give them 
up hut with the express condition of their 
discontinuing the slave trade. 
Colonel Williams then said, 

Sir, 1 am averse to have this question 
treated altogether as it is in the resolu- 
tions of Mr. Gladstone; it is vicious, in 
my opinion, to consider it at all in a mer- 
cantile point of view : and therefore I 
agree with that in which Mr. Roocoe 
sees it. In admitting, as we all do, the 
importance, let us not forget the purity 
of our object ; and, while we are endea- 
vouring to perform an act of genuine 
heroism, before which all heroism of con- 
quest fades into air, let w not suffer to be 



blended with the motive or the act, any 
paltry considerations of profit and loss. 
Money, gentlemen, is positively a good 
thing, but not the best thing; an honour- 
able character is a thousand times prefer- 
able ; let us aspire to that. (L'md and 
continued appUiuir.) Gentlemen, I am de- 
lighted with this manifestation of your 
feeling on this great occasion ; that our 
seutiments coincide, is to me a convincing 
proof of your disinterestedness, and an 
auspicious omen of our success. I ain sa- 
tisfied that we shall place our endeavours 
then oi| proper and legitimate bases. 
Then gentlemen, let us assume she dig- 
nified attitude and style of vindicators 
of a sutTering and helpless people! (Ap- 
plause.) Do we require to be bought over to 
such a cause ? No ;the very mention of com* 
morce or its advantages will vitiate all our 
proceeding! Let it he remembered how 
much the reputation of the town of Li- 
verpool has suffered on tlvs subject : 
recollect how much is here to be redeem- 
ed, and while we are strenuously as it 
appears) exerting our united strength to 
accomplish a single purpose, let us not 
sully that character of which I have spo- 
ken, by admitting a single unworthy 
motive to operate upon us ! Let us then 
prosecute our object with an ardour that 
shall be irresistible ; and as Mr. Reid 
has shewn you what advances Africa has 
already made, since her childien were 
freed from the invasion of their soil and 
their liberty, let us proclaim to France, 
and to all other countries, that not one 
ot hem shall be suffered to arrest her in 
that progress which she is now making 
towards civilization. fVery gteat apptauie.) 

Mr. Gladstone, after a few observa- 
tions, still conceived that the two views 
of the subject should be united; the one 
was not at all incompatible with the other, 
but wouid strengthen the hands of govern- 
ment, aud enable them toargue their claims 
more powerfully in the ensuing congress. 

Mr. Casey said, that as far as the ob- 
servations of an individual (Mr, Glad- 
stone) were intelligible to him, nothing 
could be so elTectual, in the opinion of 
that person, as connecting with the great 
question of right, justice, and humanity, 
matters of mere interest and commerce; 
and indeed the general bearing of that 
individual's remarks was calculated to lead 
to the conclusion that there were classes 
in this community by whom the consi- 
deration of interest must always be con- 
nected with higher considerations. He 



76 Documents relating to Public Affairs. [July. 



complimented Col. Williams, who, oe 
•aid, had placed the question before them 
in a dear and proper manner. It was not 
to be urged upon considerations of do- 
mestic interest or policy, nor were claims 
of a municipal nature to be endured where 
superior rights were invaded by them. 
If they acted upon such views, it would 
be far better at once to withdraw from 
the discussion ; for it could issue in no 
imaginable good. Mr. Roscoe, be said, 
had undoubtedly taken up the question up- 
on a broad and intelligible principle — the 
principle of general or natural justice ; 
but when he (Mr. Casey) considered 
where he was, he could not consent to li- 
mit his view even to that ground. No- 
thing should be said of interest — much 
arose out of considerations of general jus- 
tice, no doubt ; but it was not to be dis- 
guised, that this barbarous and detestable 
traffic, having been long prosecuted by 
people in this country, much more was 
due on the ground of national atonement, 
in expiation of our own crimes, and of 
the cruel and countless sufferings inflicted 
by Britain, void of mercy and of feeling, 
upon the hapless and unoffending natives 
of Africa. In stating this, he had no wish 
to excite unpleasant feelings in the 
breact of any man, or to indulge, as 
had been stated at a former meeting, in 
disay retable retrospections ; but the 
question itself was lost sight of, un- 
less taken up upon that general law, 
or great obligation, called the law of na- 
tions, which clearly was necessary to the 
general protection, and which maintained 
that intercourse that now subsisted a- 
mongst the civilized states of the world. 
He would at once submit to them the pen- 
alty imposed by that great maxim— the 
man who cuts off from Africa, or any 
other unoffending community, one human 
being, should himself be deprived of the 
protection of the law. If their efforts, 
and the efforts of England, at the ap- 
proaching congress, did not reach that 
point, nothing would be accomplished. 
The real question before them might be 
brought into a very narrow compass, and 
»eemed simply to resolve itself into this: 
should France enjoy a criminal exemption 
from all the sacred obligations of justice, 
nature, and humanity ? Was she to be 
privileged in acts of violence, of rapine, 
and of murder ? We had been the in- 
vaders of Africa. He called upon them 
now to become her barrier and bulwark. 
He would say negotiate; but if neces- 



sary, or driven to it, fight for Africa. 
In such a noble and righteous cause, 
were we to be humbled by France, or to 
dread her power ? With justice on her 
side, England must outweigh the world. 
But, if prior to our own great purpose, 
the government of France, conscious of 
the injustice of her pretensions; and, in- 
deed, admitting it, would, and must 
yield. He expressed his indignation at 
the mention, on such an occasion, of their 
ships and paltry interests ; and wondered, 
with such language, that any man could 
exhibit himself unmasked, in that assem- 
bly. He congratulated the meeting at the 
re-appearance amongst them of a gentle- 
man not less distinguished throughout the 
country than in that community ; and re- 
joiced in the prospect it afforded of hav- 
ing opr public meetings hereafter con- 
ducted in a suitable manner. He conclud- 
ed by moving a resolution (the second) 
which was seconded by Col. Williams, 
and carried with Mr. Roscoe's resolutions, 
by a most triumphant majority, and with 
loud acclamations. 

On the moving of Mr. Casey's resolu- 
tion, Col. Williams said, 

Sir, I second this resolution proposed 
by &y. Casey, because I think it originates 
in the truest *2nd grandest view, which 
has yet been taken of the condition and 
the rights of' a People, on whom we 
have hitherto presumed to look dowu with 
scorn, because the Alnvghty has been 
pleased that they should differ from us 
in colour. 

Mr. Roscoe's resolutions were then 
put and carried by a large majority. He 
then said he was truly rejoiced to see the 
spirit which had been manifested, and 
was sure they would all return home with 
much greater satisfaction than they had 
come to the meeting. 

The thanks of the meeting were then 
proposed by V r. Gladstone to the Mayor 
for his able and impartial conduct on the 
occasion. 

It was then resolved that petitions should 
lie for signatures at the usual places. 

Mr Gladstone expressed his perfect ap- 
probation of the sentiments contained in 
the petition agreed upon, and although he 
thought some addition desirable, yet as 
that was not the opinion of the majority 
he should have great satisfaction in sign- 
ing it. 



LETTER r&OM THE EARL Or DONOCCH-